INN fishermen rely on a series of tactics and loopholes in international law to bring their product to market, but ports known for lax prosecutions or limited inspection capabilities are a means of choice for unethical fishermen to put their catch of the vessel on display. Port states that enforce the treaty will deny access to the port or access to port services, including landing and transshipment, to foreign-flagged vessels known to have engaged in INT fishing. This table lists the countries that have ratified the Port State Measures Agreement, a UN treaty that harmonizes the way ports assess and inspect foreign-flagged fishing vessels. The procedures will help officials recognize and reject illegally caught fish. The treaty will enter into force as soon as it has been ratified by 25 parties. There are costs involved in participating in this agreement and implementing effective measures by the port state, but there are also many direct and indirect benefits. Among the benefits, the agreement on port state measures to prevent, combat and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is a 2009 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) international treaty to prevent and eradicate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Its main objective is to prevent, deter and eliminate INT fishing by preventing vessels involved in INT fishing from operating ports and landing their catches. Agreement on port state measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing Six signatory states have not ratified the treaty: Angola, Benin, Brazil, Canada, Samoa and Sierra Leone. Briefing: A Capacity Needs Assessment Methodology: Building Capacity to Close Ports to Illegal Fishing Vessels and Their Support Vessels Port State Performance: Putting Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing on the Radar THE provisions of the PSMA apply to fishing vessels wishing to access a particular port in a different state from their flag state.
The treaty adopted in 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) requires the parties to strengthen port controls on foreign-flagged vessels and thereby remove illegal, unreported and unregulated INN fish from global markets, removing the incentive for dishonest fishing companies to continue their illegal activities. The treaty provides that fishing vessels apply for permission to dock in a port and to inform the port of the details of its fishing activities. Permission to moor may be refused if the unregulated fishing has taken place. This measure is intended to prevent illegally caught fish from entering the market. Other measures of the treaty include inspection of ship equipment, paperwork, captures and recordings. Although the treaty does not require countries to apply these measures to ships flying their own flags, they may opt for this measure as part of the agreement.  The treaty in question is the agreement on port state measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, commonly known as the Port State Measures Agreement or PSMA.